Peony Introduction

Paeonia suffruticosa are native to China. Since the Sui Dynasty in China, people have grown peonies in their courtyards. After thousands of years of development, many famous varieties have been formed. Peonies represent wealth, health, harmony and wealth in the hearts of the Chinese People The peony has also become China’s national flower

Paeonia rockii

Paeonia rockii, also known as Gansu Peonies(GanSumǔdān), are native to the Northwest China province of Gansu and are known as the “national beauty and the fragrance of heaven” peonies, enjoying a high reputation in the world. Gansu Paeonia Rockii, named for the large Purple Patches and Purple Erythema at the base of its petals, is native to the remnant forests in the Alpine region of Gansu Province, where a small number of surviving plants still grow at altitudes of 1100-3200 meters. The lowest winter temperatures in these areas are generally -30 °C and in some areas -38 °C, so the species is naturally resistant to cold.
Different from other peonies, Paeonia Rockii has thick petals, strong fragrance, tall plants, strong growth, cold resistance, less pests, long life, high medicinal value and wide adaptability. Paeonia Rockii can be used in the construction of Peony Garden, Villa landscaping, landscape, agricultural ecological park construction.
The advantages of Paeonia Rockii can be summarized as follows:
1.Cold Resistance: Paeonia Rockii is very cold-resistant and can stand temperature as low as -43 °C.
2.Drought Resistance: It can grow In arid areas of Gansu Province, where the annual rainfall is only 280 mm. Water 2-3 times a year, the growth and flowering effect is good. It can grow naturally without artificial irrigation in areas with annual rainfall of 400 mm or more. In areas with annual rainfall of 600 mm or more tree peony seedlings grow very well.
3.Saline-Alkali Resistance: It can adapt in a range of soil types sandy soil to clay with a wide pH ranges (pH 5.5-8.2). It can be grown on hillsides, ditches, terraces, or in sandy places.
3.Plant Height: plant height can reach 2 to 4 m,
4.Crown Width 3 ~ 4 m
5.Rich in fragrance: the fragrance of a single flower of peonies is equal to the fragrance of ten flowers of Central Plain peonies
6.The plant aging speed is slow: the plant aging speed of Paeonia Rockii is slow. It could last for a century.

Different from other peonies, Paeonia Rockii has thick petals, strong fragrance, tall plants, strong growth, cold resistance, less pests, long life, high medicinal value and wide adaptability. Paeonia Rockii can be used in the construction of Peony Garden, Villa landscaping, landscape, agricultural ecological park construction

Chinese tree peony

Chinese tree peony are the most traditional peonies in China. They grow mainly in the Central Plain area. The most famous peonies are those bred in Heze, Shandong Province, and Luoyang, Henan Province The most famous varieties are the LuoYang Hong, Yao Huang, and Hua Er Qiao, which can adapt to hot and humid weather, have well-developed root systems, grow rapidly, have a variety of colors, and have a certain fragrance, but height and fragrance can not be compared with the Purple Peony Peony
The basic characteristics of Dwarf Tree Peony are that the plant is short (usually less than one meter) , the tree is weak, the spacing between branches is short, and the annual growth is small. The Basal number of leaflets is 9(part is 11) , the terminal leaflets are 3-lobed, the other leaflets are mostly deeply notched, the leaf blade is larger, the flower center (including stigma, disk, filament) are mostly purple-red. Because these areas are relatively low altitude, mild climate, cold climate adaptation is not strong, to resist the low temperature of minus 25 °C

Japanese peony

Japanese peony belongs to Ito Peony, which is a cross between peony and peonies. Most itoh hybrids combine the good characteristics of peony and peonies. They are compact, full-bodied, vigorous, robust, with luxuriant flowers and leaves. Large Color Yan, yellow-based color, there are red, purple, blue-purple, White, pink, orange and so on. In summary, the ITO hybrid has the following characteristics:

(1) the growth habit of the aboveground part is similar to that of Paeonia perennial plant. Morphologically, the root, stem and bud are similar to Paeonia Lactiflora, but the root and stem are more robust and lignified than Paeonia lactiflora.

(2) the leaves are nearly leathery, dark green and bright, with good ornamental quality; in autumn, the leaves turn yellow and fall off very late, nearly two months later than most varieties in China, and the leaf-viewing period is longer; the shape of the leaves is close to that between peony and peony, and the middle and side lobules have deep or shallow incisions.

(3) the color, shape and fragrance of flowers are like peony, the flower head is erect and the petals are slightly thicker than those of domestic varieties. The base of the petals is marked with distinct patches of different colors, and the petals of the same flower have different mosaic phenomenon. Ito Hybrids have a long flowering period (many varieties have many flowers on one stem, some can last as long as one month) . The flowering period is between the flowering of peony and peony, and the pistil is red or yellow, and the stigmas are red or yellow With a certain amount of ornamental.

Herbaceous Peony 

Herbaceous Peony is known as“Flower fairy” and“Flower”, and is listed as one of the“Six famous flowers”, also known as“May Flower God”, because since ancient times as the flower of love, has been respected as the representative of the Qixi festival flowers. And in the Chinese culture has been painting in the common flowers, a symbol of friendship, love.

1.The living habits of Herbaceous peony

Paeonia lactiflora is a typical temperate plant. It has a wide range of ecological adaptation, strong cold tolerance, suitable for cool climate in summer, but also quite heat-resistant. In summer, the highest temperature reaches 42.1 ° C, and it can also safely cross the summer. Herbaceous Peony is a deep-rooted plant, so it requires a deep soil layer, but also a strong fleshy root, suitable for loose and well-drained sandy loam, in clay and sand soil growth is poor, high soil water content, drainage is not smooth, easy to cause rotten roots, neutral or slightly acidic soil is appropriate, saline-alkali soil is not suitable for planting.

It is better to use fertile soil for growth, but the nitrogen content should not be too high to prevent branches and leaves from sprouting. Paeonia lactiflora like terrain high open, more dry environment, do not need regular irrigation. Because the Herbaceous peony is succulent root, it is particularly intolerant to waterlogging, water accumulation 6-10 hours, often leads to rotten root, low-wet area is not suitable as our country’s peony producing area, every flood, almost all is destructive to the peony, only in the high open place, the undrowned Herbaceous peony remained.

2.The flower language of peony

The flower language of Herbaceous peony is“Beautiful moving”, “Reluctant to part, inseparable”. Ancient communication between men and women, to give each other Herbaceous peony, the expression of affection about or cherish the feelings of parting, it is also known as“Will leave the grass.”. Now, the Chinese peony has become the representative flower of Qixi Festival, is the flower of love in China.

Western roses are thorny, Chinese love flower Herbaceous peony not only beautiful, but also can cure disease, it reflects the Chinese nation as jade as the same moral and character, hard-working, pragmatic, light as peony, soft as jade. Pink Herbaceous peony such as the horizon of rosy clouds, also like the girl in love shy, romantic, implicit peony red face of spring. The custom of shangsi festival and the love song of“Giving a spoon of medicine” have been followed from the singing of the Book of songs to the Ming and Qing dynasties. In ancient China, peony has always been the melody of love, romantic folk songs.

Peonies bloom

Peonies bloom starting in April and through the months of May and June. Blooms typically last for a week to 10 days. To fill a yard or garden with continuously blooming peonies throughout the season, plan to plant a variety of cultivars, from early- to late-season bloomers.

Peony cultivation

As a special group, the peonies it takes at least 4-5 years from planting to blooming

There are two main methods of propagation in Chinese peonies

1.Seed seedling

Use the peony seed seedling time is usually At the end of July, in this point, make full use of climate and temperature, let the seeds of peony in the autumn germination, waiting the next spring after the peony seeds germination can take root


Grafting is mainly used in ornamental peonies in China. Since ornamental peonies do not produce seeds, grafting is used to ensure the survival of the good variety. The time of grafting usually begins at the end of August Find the full branch of Scion and graft it to the root of Paeonia Lactiflora Pall. The root of Paeonia Lactiflora Pall is of high survival rate and stable variety

Peony flower type is diverse, color is gorgeous, peony of all kinds of flower type lets a person pleasing to the eye

The Flower type of peony is roughly below

  1. Single
  2. Lotus
  3. Chrysanthemum
  4. Rose
  5. Hundreo Proliferte
  6. Japanese
  7. Anemone
  8. Golden Circle
  9. Triple Decker
  10. Crown
  11. Bomb

Peony export stepts

PaeoniaRockii|ChineseTree Peony|Japanese Peony